Polish society in exile after the Second World War was very divided by the argument about a positions toward the lost eastern borderlands. Columnists in the journal ‘Kultura’, run in Paris by Jerzy Giedroyc with Juliusz Mieroszewski in a top intellectual role, called for recognition of the newly imposed borders and reconciliation with neighboring lands, while the “unbreakables” in London opined that the imposed territorial changes would be only recognized by a fully independent Poland. Who was right?

Giedroyc and Mieroszewski were right – former Polish lands in the East were not to be regained anyway. If there was to be a sovereign Poland, it would be only when the USSR collapsed. Cooperation with the neighbors was an important element in standing up against Soviet power and creating a new order for the region’s future.
The London “unbreakables” were right – one can not accept open lawlessness, because it encourages the aggressors.
Both sides presented good reasons, but faced with a lack of real possibilities to influence the international system of power it was important to be holding an open discussion about the fate of Poles and Poland.
This debate had no large meaning – the fate of Poland was decided in a different way and somewhere else.

Voting results for previous surveys.