What is your opinion on the role of magnates in the history of Poland?
I have a positive opinion. Most of them displayed exemplary responsibility for the fate of their country.
I have a negative opinion. The majority of the group cared about themselves only.
Such generalizations don’t make any sense. Different magnates had different attitudes.
Voting results for previous surveys.
There are many examples of Poles who made careers in partitioner countries. What is your opinion about such behaviour?
What was the most appropriate attitude towards the forced communist authorities right after the war?
Do you agree with Jarosław Maria Rymkiewicz (in his poem “Wieszanie” [the hanging]) that the participants in the Kościuszko Uprising made a mistake not killing the king?
Was it justified to demote Marshal Piłsudski supporters from influence in the army, on the part of the government of General Sikorski?
If it had been possible to transform the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – the Republic of Both Nations – into a Republic of Three Nations, equating Kozack’s rights with the Polish and Lithuanian noble class…
If the Republic of Poland had taken the same direction as its neighbors and transformed into an absolute monarchy…
Polish society in exile after the Second World War was very divided by the argument about a positions toward the lost eastern borderlands. Columnists in the journal ‘Kultura’, run in Paris by Jerzy Giedroyc with Juliusz Mieroszewski in a top intellectual role, called for recognition of the newly imposed borders and reconciliation with neighboring lands, while the “unbreakables” in London opined that the imposed territorial changes would be only recognized by a fully independent Poland. Who was right?
Imagine you are a clerk for the Polish government-in-exile in London. You learn that, as a result of the Yalta Conference, Poland has ended up in the Soviet sphere of influence. What do you do?