What, in your opinion, was the role of the Teutonic Knights in the Polish history?
Negative: they were our enemies, representatives of hostile Germanic forces.
Positive: they secured the Mazovia region before Prussian and Yotvingian attacks, then lands under their rule developed in economic and civilizational terms.
They brought civilizational progress, but were many times in conflict with Poland. However, we should remember that there wasn't only war in our relations.
Voting results for previous surveys.
If the Republic of Poland had taken the same direction as its neighbors and transformed into an absolute monarchy…
Polish society in exile after the Second World War was very divided by the argument about a positions toward the lost eastern borderlands. Columnists in the journal ‘Kultura’, run in Paris by Jerzy Giedroyc with Juliusz Mieroszewski in a top intellectual role, called for recognition of the newly imposed borders and reconciliation with neighboring lands, while the “unbreakables” in London opined that the imposed territorial changes would be only recognized by a fully independent Poland. Who was right?
Imagine you are a clerk for the Polish government-in-exile in London. You learn that, as a result of the Yalta Conference, Poland has ended up in the Soviet sphere of influence. What do you do?