2020-06-25 ARTICLES
Poznań, June 1956
On 28 and 29 June 1956, workers’ protests broke out in Poznań, and subsequently turned into street fighting. The army was deployed by the Communist authorities to crush the unrest. At least 79 lives were lost as a result, and more than 600 people were wounded.
2020-06-24 ARTICLES
The events of June 1976 in Radom
On 25 June 1976, in response to a price increase announced by the government, strikes and demonstrations were organized in a number of workplaces across Poland. The most notable disturbances involving workers occurred in Radom, Ursus and Płock. Social protest was brutally crushed by the milicja, the Polish People’s Republic police, and by the Security Service. Approximately 2,500 people were arrested across the country.
2020-06-06 ARTICLES
Jan Kochanowski, Kalliope's mountaineer. The 490th anniversary of Jan Kochanowski's birthday
2020-05-12 ARTICLES
He did not return on a white horse. General Władysław Anders died 50 years ago
2020-05-06 ARTICLES
Second World War: Its Memory and Importance
Just after 11 p.m. on 8 May 1945, the act of unconditional capitulation of the Third Reich was signed in the Berlin quarter of Karlshorst by representatives of the Allies, with the Soviet Marshal Zhukov in attendance, and those of the German command.
2020-05-02 ARTICLES
Stanisław August Poniatowski and The 3 of May Constitution
The question of authorship of the 3 May constitution remained unclear for a very long time; due to the strong air of secrecy around the nascent document, then (after the session of the Great Sejm had finished) due to a deliberate cover-up of this issue in source texts. In the most salient of these, the extensive treatise O ustanowieniu i upadku konstytucji polskiej 3 maja 1791 [On the Enactment and Downfall of the Polish Constitution of 3 May 1791 (1793)], the problem of authorship had been presented in a deliberately ambiguous manner.
2020-04-03 ARTICLES
The Katyn Massacre: Its Chronology, Scale, Victims and Unpunished Perpetrators
The ordeal of Polish Army officers, policemen, prison and forest guards, intelligence and counter-intelligence agents as well as Polish administrative staff in the Easter Borderlands began on 17 September 1939. It was then that the Red Army invaded Poland, belatedly implementing the arrangements of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact of 23 August 1939. Soviet captivity awaited around a quarter of a million soldiers, including 10,000 officers, who were placed in several detention facilities.
2020-03-12 ARTICLES
Save us from the Air, Hunger and War, oh Lord...
Fear has accompanied man over millennia. Until recently, there was fear of a nuclear war, now climate change being the first source of anxiety. Until as late as the end of the 19th century, greatest scare was associated with war, hunger and epidemics. Diseases hold a special place among things people fear.