Auschwitz. A Bitter Taste of Liberation
The end of Auschwitz came on 27 January 1945. That day, soldiers of the 60th Army of the 1st Ukrainian Front of the Red Army took control of the vast camp area. About seven thousand prisoners, including several hundred children, lived to see liberation in Auschwitz, Birkenau and Monowitz. The majority of the nearly 60,000 prisoners in the entire camp complex had been evacuated earlier in what is called ‘death marches’ to the west. Since 2005, 27 January has been celebrated as International Holocaust Remembrance Day.