The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was a nation of equal ethnic and religious identities, a characteristics frequently applied to the First Republic before partitions.
In talking and writing on this topic, religious tolerance is emphasized as a phenomenon of the Europe of the 16th and 17th centuries. Another association leads to the multi-ethnic character of the state populated by more nationalities than only Polish and Lithuanian, which are described by the denomination "both nations” (Obojga Narodów).
Texts collected in the volume bring into focus the nations of the ancient Republic, their number and geographic locations, social structures, inputs in political and cultural life of the nation of the noble class. The authors write about Lithuanians and Ruthenians, and also about newcomers including Germans, Jews, Armenians, Tatars, Karaites, Gypsies or Roma, as well as Italians, Scots and Dutch Mennonites.
This is a revised version of the book published under the title Pod wspólnym niebem. Narody dawnej Rzeczypospolitej, Warszawa: Muzeum Historii Polski, Bellona, 2010.
The book translated into English thanks to financial suport from the Lanckoroński Foundation.
Price: 40 zł
Publisher: Polish History Museum in Warsaw and PIASA Books w New York
PIASA Book is an imprint of the Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America
Year of publication: 2017
Paperback, format: 140 x 210 mm, number of pages: 272
Michał Kopczyński, National Identity before nationalism: The case of the Commonwealth of Poland and Lithuania
Andrzej Rachuba, Polish-Lithuanian unions
Andrzej Rachuba, LITHUANIANS
Oleg Łatyszonek, BELARUSIANS
Mirosław Nagielski, UKRAINIANS
Igor Kąkolewski, GERMANS
Andrzej Żbikowski, JEWS
Krzysztof Stopka, ARMENIANS
Jan Tyszkiewicz, TATARS
Anna Sulimowicz, KARAITES
Lech Mróz, GYPSIES ?ROMANI
Wojciech Tygielski, ITALIANS
Jacek Wijaczka, SCOTS
Edmund Kizik, MENNONITES
UNDER A COMMON SKY
Wojciech Tygielski, But where are the Poles?