2019-06-28 ARTICLES
Poznań, June 1956
On 28 and 29 June 1956, workers’ protests broke out in Poznań, and subsequently turned into street fighting. The army was deployed by the Communist authorities to crush the unrest. At least 79 lives were lost as a result, and more than 600 people were wounded.
2019-06-04 ARTICLES
We Should Celebrate 4 June. An Interview with Prof. Wojciech Roszkowski
2019-06-02 ARTICLES
Nine Days That Changed the World
Early June marks the fortieth anniversary of St John Paul II’s first pilgrimage to Poland. In his book Witness to Hope, the main biographer of the Polish pope the American George Weigel called the visit of the Holy Father to his fatherland using the words quoted above in the title. It was an obvious reference to a famous work by another American, the communist John Reed who in 1919 published a propaganda piece and an apology for the communist revolution under a similar title, Ten Days That Shook the World.
2019-05-01 ARTICLES
Professor Piotr Ugniewski: Hot the 3 of May constitution was passed
The passing of the Government Act was possible because an understanding had been reached between members of the enlightened opposition and the King, Stanisław August Poniatowski.
2019-04-30 ARTICLES
Stanisław August Poniatowski and The 3 of May Constitution
The question of authorship of the 3 May constitution remained unclear for a very long time; due to the strong air of secrecy around the nascent document, then (after the session of the Great Sejm had finished) due to a deliberate cover-up of this issue in source texts. In the most salient of these, the extensive treatise O ustanowieniu i upadku konstytucji polskiej 3 maja 1791 [On the Enactment and Downfall of the Polish Constitution of 3 May 1791 (1793)], the problem of authorship had been presented in a deliberately ambiguous manner.
2019-04-16 ARTICLES
Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris: Polish Traces
Thanks to Polish kings, the Cathedral of Our Lady has had strong links with Polish history since as early as the 16th century. In the 1840s, émigrés who left Poland after the November Uprising were flocking to it. In the 1980s, holy masses were celebrated there for the Solidarity movement. A monument of Saint John Paul II was unveiled near the cathedral in 2014 and in 2018 a copy of the Jasna Góra image of the Holy Virgin was placed inside Notre-Dame.
2019-04-09 ARTICLES
'We Demand the Truth about Katyn!', or the Katyn Massacre as a Subject Taken up by the Opposition in Post-War Communist-Ruled Poland
Recalling the Katyn Massacre was an important aspect of the activities of the democratic opposition in the Polish People’s Republic (PPR), one of the reasons being the subject’s high importance for society back then.
2019-04-09 ARTICLES
Homo religiosus: the phenomenon of Poland's Mieszko I
Over ten and a half centuries ago, the ruler of a vast territory in today’s western Poland was baptized in the Latin rite and began the Christianization of his people. That ruler, who hailed from the Piast dynasty, was Mieszko I, called “rex” (king) by his contemporary, the Saxon chronicler Widukind of Corvey – and “malik” (king) by the agent of the Caliph in Cordoba, Ibrahim ibn Yaqub, who visited Central Europe during the early years of Mieszko’s reign (~960-992). Today, ironically enough, Mieszko’s descendants label him but a “książe” (duke) – though they honor him, nonetheless. Indeed, as of this year, AD 2019, Poland has a new national holiday – namely, “Poland’s baptism”, to be celebrated on April 14th from here forward.