The Golden Age That Lasted 20 Years. The Architecture of Independent Poland
The architectural Eldorado lasted a little over 20 years. And this is also how long it waited for recognition in the Third Republic of Poland.
The Victors and the Polish Cause at the End of the Great War
When a hundred years ago, on 11 November 1918, the military operations ceased and the armistice ended the Great War the world was waiting for the accords of the peace conference which was to be held soon to determine the future of the world. A question remains: what did the main victorious powers offer Poland?
The Establishment of the Bar Confederation
An interview with Dorota Dukwicz.
The Polish-Bolshevik War: The heroic Nation Rescued Itself
The Battle on the Vistula was the biggest in the Polish-Bolshevik war of 1919–1920. The battle between the Vistula, Niemen and Bug Rivers still surprises with its dramatic action and unexpected reversals.
It was not until late July 1944 that the decision had been taken to fight an uprising against the German occupation forces in Warsaw. Prior to that, commanders of the Home Army had no intention of taking military action in Warsaw, wishing to avoid war damage and the suffering of civilians.
The events of June 1976 in Radom
On 25 June 1976, in response to a price increase announced by the government, strikes and demonstrations were organized in a number of workplaces across Poland. The most notable disturbances involving workers occurred in Radom, Ursus and Płock. Social protest was brutally crushed by the milicja, the Polish People’s Republic police, and by the Security Service. Approximately 2,500 people were arrested across the country.
Poznań, June 1956
On 28 and 29 June 1956, workers’ protests broke out in Poznań, and subsequently turned into street fighting. The army was deployed by the Communist authorities to crush the unrest. At least 79 lives were lost as a result, and more than 600 people were wounded.
Stanisław August Poniatowski and The 3 of May Constitution
The question of authorship of the 3 May constitution remained unclear for a very long time; due to the strong air of secrecy around the nascent document, then (after the session of the Great Sejm had finished) due to a deliberate cover-up of this issue in source texts. In the most salient of these, the extensive treatise O ustanowieniu i upadku konstytucji polskiej 3 maja 1791 [On the Enactment and Downfall of the Polish Constitution of 3 May 1791 (1793)], the problem of authorship had been presented in a deliberately ambiguous manner.